Artist, art market

Pablo Picasso was not only a brilliant painter, graphic artist and sculptor, but also a successful entrepreneur. In his life he created around 50,000 works, which today are among the most expensive and sought-after in the world. Thus, even today he is one of the most important and influential artists.

He knew how to market himself and constantly renew his art in different styles and techniques. He collaborated with gallery owners, art dealers and collectors who helped him achieve fame and fortune. He also established his own ceramics workshop in Vallauris, where he produced thousands of vases, plates and sculptures. However, Picasso was also a controversial entrepreneur, often involved in legal disputes with his heirs, museums and the Spanish state.

Picasso was an artist who combined his passion for art with a business acumen that made him one of the most influential and wealthy artists of the 20th century.

Picasso was born on October 25, 1881 in Málaga, Spain. His full name was Pablo Diego José Francisco de Paula Juan Nepomuceno María de los Remedios Cipriano de la Santísima Trinidad Ruiz y Picasso. He began painting at an early age, under the tutelage of his father, who was also a painter and drawing teacher. He studied at various art schools in Spain before moving to Paris in 1904, the center of the art world at the time.

Picasso went through various artistic phases, which were reflected in his use of color and form. The most famous are the Blue Period (1901-1904), the Pink Period (1904-1906), Cubism (1907-1916), which he co-founded with Georges Braque, the Classicist Phase (1919-1925), and his involvement with Surrealism (1925-1936). He also created some famous works that addressed political or personal themes, such as Les Demoiselles d'Avignon (1907), Guernica (1937) or The Dove of Peace (1949).  

His life and work were shaped by five essential qualities that distinguished him as a human being:

Pablo Picasso was a genius of painting

, who mastered various styles and techniques and constantly sought new ways of artistic expression. He is considered the founder of Cubism, a revolutionary movement that broke the traditional perspective and decomposed the forms into geometric elements. He also experimented with other movements such as Surrealism, Expressionism and Neoclassicism.

Pablo Picasso was a politically engaged artist

, who expressed his opinion on the events of his time in his works. He was an opponent of fascism and war and created one of his most famous paintings, Guernica, in response to the bombing of the Basque city by the German air force during the Spanish Civil War. He also supported the Communist Party and advocated peace and human rights.

Pablo Picasso was a passionate lover

, who had many women in his life and often used them as muse and model for his art. He had two wives, Olga Khokhlova and Jacqueline Roque, and four children with three different women. He also had numerous affairs with other female artists, writers and actresses, such as Fernande Olivier, Marie-Thérèse Walter, Dora Maar, Françoise Gilot and Geneviève Laporte.

Pablo Picasso was a versatile artist

, who not only painted, but also devoted himself to other disciplines such as sculpture, ceramics, graphics, stage design and poetry. He created thousands of works in different media and materials and invented new forms of art such as collage and assemblage. He also collaborated with other artists such as Georges Braque, Henri Matisse, Joan Miró and Jean Cocteau.

Pablo Picasso was a tireless creator

, who remained active until his death at the age of 91. He had an enormous productivity and left a huge artistic legacy of more than 50,000 works. He was constantly searching for new challenges and inspirations and never allowed himself to be limited by conventions or critics. He was a true innovator and revolutionary in the history of art.

But how much money did the ten most famous works of art by Pablo Picasso fetch? Here is a list of the ten most expensive Picasso paintings, based on auction results:

  • 1. Les Femmes d'Alger (Version O) - $179.4 million
  • 2. nu couché - $106.5 million
  • 3. garçon à la pipe - $104.2 million
  • 4. dora maar au chat - $95.2 million
  • 5. Le Rêve - $155 million (private sale)
  • 6. femme assise - $63.4 million
  • 7. la Lecture - $40.7 million
  • 8. femme au Béret et à la Robe Quadrillée - $69.4 million
  • 9. buste de femme (Dora Maar) - $67.4 million
  • 10. les Noces de Pierrette - $51.3 million

Picasso died on April 8, 1973 in Mougins, France. He left a huge artistic legacy, which can be seen in many museums and collections around the world. He is considered one of the most important pioneers of modernism and one of the most versatile and prolific artists of all time.

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